Japan

Bevölkerung

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127914376
Fläche:377900 km2
Hauptstadt:Tokyo
BNE je Einw.:40062 US$
Einstufung:Hochentwickelte industrialisierte Wirtschaft
Sprachen:

Japanisch

Religionen:

Buddhistisch: 70.00%

Neue religiöse Bewegungen: 24.00%

Christlich: 1.00%

Christentum:

Protestanten: 541590

Katholiken: 528000

Anglikaner: 64500

Orthodoxe: 25200

Unabhängige: 493240

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Japan was settled thousands of years ago by people who migrated from China and Korea. For much of its history, it has been an empire with a centralized government. Japan closed itself to the West from the 16th until the middle of the 19th century. It became an imperialistic power with a form of emperor worship in the first half of the 20th century, colonizing Korea, invading China, and eventually occupying most of South East Asia during World War II. It was the first country to suffer a nuclear attack, in 1945 (Hiroshima and Nagasaki). In 1947, a peace constitution based on democratic principles was established under the influence of the US, and Japan renounced the use of military force. The emperor remained the head of state, but with a mostly ceremonial role. Japan's economy developed rapidly and the country has become a major economic power in the world. Tensions with other countries in Asia remain, especially with China and Korea, because of the recent history and the way it is reflected in Japanese textbooks and official commemorations. The original religion of Japan is Shinto, which has intermingled with Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism. The Christian churches form a small minority. The Protestant churches, through the national Christian council, have been active in promoting reconciliation between Japan and the Asian countries it had occupied, opposing the re-emergence of nationalism, re-militarization, and nuclear armament. There are a number of small but active Evangelical, Pentecostal and Holiness groups. The Japan Evangelical Association is affiliated with the WEA.

 

Ökumenische Organisationen und Räte

ÖRK-Mitgliedskirchen mit Hauptsitz in Japan

ÖRK-Mitgliedskirchen vertreten in Japan

    Anm.: Die Liste der in den einzelnen Ländern vertretenen Kirchen wird noch bearbeitet.

    Letzte Aktualisierung: 01.01.2006