Algeria

Population

About country profiles

The country profiles are intended to provide some background and context for the descriptions of the churches. These profiles should be read in conjunction with those of the churches in the country.

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32877042
Surface area:2400000 km2
Capital:Algiers
GNI per capita:1930 US$
Classification:Developing economy
Languages:

Arabic

Berber

French

Religions:

Muslim: 97.00%

Other: 3.00%

Christian: 1.00%

Christianity:

Catholics: 4203

Protestants: 3657

Independent: 27200

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Algeria is the second largest country in Africa after Sudan. It became indepen­dent in 1962 after more than 130 years of French colonial rule and a bitter liber­ation struggle. In cooperation with the small churches in the country and the Algerian government, the WCC, CIMADE and other ecumenical agencies founded in 1962 the Christian Committee for Service in Algeria. After a period of emergency relief, the CCSA developed a vast reafforestation programme. By 1965, more than 22 million fruit and timber trees had been planted and another 50 million seedlings were handed over to the government. Ever since indepen­dence, the National Liberation Front (FLN) has dominated politics in Algeria, although a surprising first round electoral success of the fundamentalist Islamic National Front (FIS) in 1991 spurred the army to intervene, to prevent the Islamists from forming a government. Since then Algeria has struggled through a continuous low level civil conflict between Islamic activists and the secular state apparatus. This terrorism has had a profound impact among the Algerian popu­lation, of whom nearly 100,000 were killed before the FIS's armed wing was dis­banded in January 2000. In 2005 the population voted in favour of a referendum on national reconciliation. While progress towards peace is slowly being made, better living conditions for the people and democratization continue to be Alge-ria's greatest challenge.

 

Ecumenical Organizations and Councils

    WCC member churches based in Algeria

    WCC member churches present in Algeria

      Note: The list of churches present in countries is still in development.

      Last updated: 01/01/06