Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)


About country profiles

The country profiles are intended to provide some background and context for the descriptions of the churches. These profiles should be read in conjunction with those of the churches in the country.

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Surface area:322500 km2
GNI per capita:770 US$
Classification:Developing economy






African traditional: 38.00%

Christian: 32.00%

Muslim: 30.00%


Catholics: 2950000

Protestants: 1491670

Orthodox: 38500

Independent: 1311900

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Before colonization, the coastal area of today's Ivory Coast was settled by groups who migrated from the north to the forest. In the 15th century, French and Portuguese traders explored the area, in search of ivory and slaves. France extended its influence inland in the 19th century, and the territory became a French colony at the Berlin conference in 1884. Ivory Coast achieved its independence in 1960. Under the one party regime of president Houphouët-Boigny, the country maintained close political and economic ties with France. It had one of the most developed economies of sub-Saharan Africa, based on the production and export of cocoa and coffee, and remained stable until the 1990s, when tensions between population groups and regions became manifest. In 2002 a rebellion divided the country in two: the less developed north, and the south where the plantations are concentrated. In 2005, negotiations were still going on to settle the conflict. Christian missions began working in the area in the 19th century. The Catholic Church is the majority church. Most of the Protestant churches are Pentecostal and Evangelical. There are also several indigenous and independent churches. The Protestant Federation was dissolved in 1963. Plans to create a Christian Council had not yet materialized in 2005. A Forum of Religious Confessions, set up in 1997, brings together the Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, and African churches. The north of the country is predominantly Muslim.


Ecumenical Organizations and Councils

    WCC member churches based in Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)

    WCC member churches present in Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)

    Note: The list of churches present in countries is still in development.

    Last updated: 01/01/06