About country profiles

The country profiles are intended to provide some background and context for the descriptions of the churches. These profiles should be read in conjunction with those of the churches in the country.

Click here for the sources of the statistical data

Surface area:241000 km2
GNI per capita:270 US$
Classification:Least developed country






Christian: 89.00%

Muslim: 5.00%

Hindu: 1.00%


Catholics: 12000000

Anglicans: 10155400

Protestants: 1381290

Orthodox: 27000

Independent: 991040

Google maps

Several kingdoms have existed in the area of today's Uganda, the largest being the Buganda, which has been restored recently. Uganda was a British protectorate from 1888 onwards. It recovered its independence in 1962. From 1966 to 1986, the country suffered coups and dictatorial regimes, the worst of which was Idi Amin's rule which was brought to an end in 1979, with the help of an intervention by Tanzania. Hundreds of thousands of Ugandans were killed, among them Anglican Archbishop Luwum, and the economy was wrecked. Uganda has regained political stability, except for the rebellion of the Lord's Army in the north, which forces thousands of children to be soldiers. The country has been involved in the conflicts in neighbouring east Congo, supporting some of the rebel factions, and in southern Sudan. Uganda's economy is based on agriculture. The country has fertile soils and considerable natural resources. The main export crop is coffee. Christianity came to Uganda in the 19th century. Among the first converts, several were martyred by a king who opposed the new religion. The two largest churches, Catholic and Anglican, form the Joint Christian Council, together with the Ugandan Orthodox Church which is part of the Patriarchate of Alexandria. Among the Protestant and independent churches, Pentecostal churches and groups form a sizeable part. More than half of them belong to the Pentecostal Assemblies of God. Uganda is one of the leading countries in Africa in the struggle against HIV/AIDS.

More on Uganda:

Ecumenical solidarity visit to Uganda

The plight of people displaced by war was the main topic of a "Living Letters" visit to Uganda, 27 October to 2 November 2008.

An international ecumenical delegation sent by the WCC discussed with representatives of churches, state and civil society about the protection of refugees, with a specific focus on sexual violence and the vulnerability of children. Read more...

HIV/AIDS - the Uganda experience

A multimedia portrait of churches' response to HIV and AIDS in Uganda can be viewed on the 'Keeping the Faith' website.



Ecumenical Organizations and Councils

WCC member churches based in Uganda

WCC member churches present in Uganda

Note: The list of churches present in countries is still in development.

Last updated: 01/01/06