Haiti

Population

About country profiles

The country profiles are intended to provide some background and context for the descriptions of the churches. These profiles should be read in conjunction with those of the churches in the country.

Click here for the sources of the statistical data

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8549254
Surface area:27750 km2
Capital:Port-au-Prince
GNI per capita:400 US$
Classification:Least developed country
Languages:

French

Creole

Religions:

Christian: 96.00%

Spiritist: 3.00%

Other: 1.00%

Christianity:

Catholics: 6628000

Protestants: 1607500

Anglicans: 115000

Independent: 479900

(double affiliation)
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Haiti is situated on the western part of the island of Hispaniola, discovered by Columbus in 1492. The indigenous people were exterminated by the Spanish, who ceded the territory to the French in 1697. A century later, the slaves imported from Africa to work on sugar plantations rebelled and finally defeated the French army. In 1804 Haiti became the first nation of the world which liberated itself from slavery and colonial power. But the independence resulted in depletion of the economy and natural resources, political instability and social violence. The hopes for change and development raised by the election of Jean Bertrand Aristide in 1990 were crushed after a few years. Lack of political and economic governance, generalized violence, and a devastated environment contribute to make Haiti one of the poorest countries in the world. Civil society groups, churches and political parties are trying to break the spiral of violence and impoverishment. Traditionally Haiti has been Catholic. Voodoo, the Afro-Haitian cult, has a strong hold on the people. Protestant missions started working in the 19th century. In the 20th century Pentecostal and charismatic groups developed very rapidly. The Protestant Federation of Haiti cooperates with other groups for the renewal of society and a new "social contract". The Council of Evangelical Churches of Haiti, which is an observer member of the Federation, is affiliated with the WEA. The Anglicans are part of the Episcopal Church in the USA, and the Methodists of the Methodist Church in the Caribbean and the Americas, both WCC member churches.

More on Haiti:
Ecumenical solidarity visit to Haiti

An international ecumenical team of church representatives, so called "Living Letters", paid a solidarity visit to churches and ecumenical organizations in Haiti from 24 to 28 November 2008. Read more about the visit to Haiti...

 

Ecumenical Organizations and Councils

WCC member churches based in Haiti

WCC member churches present in Haiti

Note: The list of churches present in countries is still in development.

Last updated: 01/01/06