Iceland

Population

About country profiles

The country profiles are intended to provide some background and context for the descriptions of the churches. These profiles should be read in conjunction with those of the churches in the country.

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293702
Surface area:103000 km2
Capital:Reykjavik
GNI per capita:30910 US$
Classification:Developed economy
Languages:

Icelandic

Danish

Religions:

Christian: 97.00%

Christianity:

Protestants: 260000

Catholics: 5000

Independent: 13280

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Iceland, an island in the North Atlantic just below the Arctic Circle, is the westernmost country of Europe. The population is descended from Scandinavian Vikings and Celtic immigrants, and is quite homogeneous with very insular institutions and traditions. Iceland has the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, which was founded in 930. Independent for over 300 years, it was subsequently ruled by Denmark and Norway, until it was granted limited home rule in 1874, and full independence in 1944. Iceland's economy and prosperity is based on the fishing industry. The country has an extensive welfare system. Iceland became Christian by a decision of its assembly in the year 1000. It adopted the Lutheran Reformation. The Evangelical Lutheran Church is the national church, and is an integral part of the history and culture of the Icelandic people. There is a small Lutheran Free Church, and a Pentecostal church.

 

Ecumenical Organizations and Councils

    WCC member churches based in Iceland

    WCC member churches present in Iceland

      Note: The list of churches present in countries is still in development.

      Last updated: 01/01/06