Sudáfrica

Población

Acerca de los perfiles de los países

Los perfiles de los países tienen como finalidad proporcionar información básica sobre un determinado país y su contexto con objeto de situar las reseñas de las iglesias. Estos perfiles deben leerse conjuntamente con los correspondientes perfiles de las iglesias en el país de que se trate.

Pulse aquí para saber las fuentes de los datos estadísticos

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45323008
Superficie:1200000 km2
Capital:Tshwane (Pretoria)
INB per cápita:2750 US$
Clasificación:Economía en desarrollo
Idiomas:

11 official languages

including Zulu

xhosa

inglés

afrikaans

etc.

Religiones:

Cristiana: 82.00%

Hindú: 2.00%

Musulmana: 2.00%

Bahaí: 1.00%

Cristianos:

Protestantes: 9628440

Católicos: 3173000

Anglicanos: 2750000

Ortodoxos: 105500

Independientes: 17583080

Google maps

The original inhabitants of South Africa were the Khoikhoi, later joined by Bantu groups migrating from the north. In 1652 the Dutch settled in the Cape, and slowly extended into the interior. The Boers, as they were called, fought the Africans until they were themselves defeated in 1902 by the British, who established the self-governing Union of South Africa. In 1948 the Nationalist Party of the Afrikaners (Boers), came into power and put in place the racist apartheid regime, based on total, legalized separation of the whites, blacks, coloured and the small Indian population. The white Reformed churches provided the theological justification of the system. They withdrew from the WCC in 1961. The African National Congress, formed in 1912, became the opponent of apartheid, later followed by other movements. The struggle against apartheid is marked by the Sharpeville shooting (1960), the Rivonia trial of Nelson Mandela (1964), the Soweto uprising (1976), the assassination of Steve Biko, countless other tragedies, and the unflinching determination of a people to free itself from an evil yoke. Several churches in South Africa denounced apartheid more and more openly, led by Archbishop Tutu, Rev. Boesak, and many others. Key documents were the Belhar Confession, the Kairos document and Evangelical Witness in South Africa. The South African Council of Churches played a major role. In 1991 Mandela was released from prison; on 27 April 1994 in the first free and democratic elections of South Africa he was elected president. The current membership of the Council of Churches includes the Catholic Church, the Apostolic Faith Mission (Pentecostal), and the Dutch Reformed Church. There are many indigenous churches, the largest being the Zion Christian Church, with eight million members. Evangelical and Pentecostal churches are also active. The Evangelical Alliance of SA is affiliated with the WEA.

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Visita de solidaridad ecuménica en Sudáfrica

Las iglesias que trabajan por la paz en Sudáfrica recibieron la visita solidaria de una delegación ecuménica internacional enviada por el Consejo Mundial de Iglesias (CMI) del 5 al 12 de noviembre 2008. Más...

 

Organizaciones y consejos ecuménicos

Última actualización: 01/01/06