México

Población

Acerca de los perfiles de los países

Los perfiles de los países tienen como finalidad proporcionar información básica sobre un determinado país y su contexto con objeto de situar las reseñas de las iglesias. Estos perfiles deben leerse conjuntamente con los correspondientes perfiles de las iglesias en el país de que se trate.

Pulse aquí para saber las fuentes de los datos estadísticos

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106384786
Superficie:2000000 km2
Capital:Mexico City
INB per cápita:6770 US$
Clasificación:Economía en desarrollo
Idiomas:

español

Nahuatl

Maya

other

Religiones:

Cristiana: 96.00%

Cristianos:

Católicos: 99200000

Protestantes: 4434030

Ortodoxos: 103100

Anglicanos: 25400

Independientes: 3791720

(double affiliation)
Google maps

Indigenous civilizations (e.g. Maya, Aztec) existed in Mexico before the Spanish colonized it in 1539 and eliminated much of the Indian population. Mexico achieved independence in 1821. It lost half of its territory in the war with the US in 1846. The Mexican revolution of 1910-17, under Emiliano Zapata, brought dictatorship to an end. A new constitution was adopted, but the ideals, including land reform, were not carried through during the increasingly corrupt reign of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, from 1929 to 2000. Another uprising occurred in 1994, among the indigenous population of Chiapas, in opposition to Mexico's signing of the North America Free Trade Area. The Zapatistas, as they call themselves, initiated an alternative popular movement and became a focal group for the struggle against neo-liberalism and globalization. Mexico has developed a strong economy, based on oil production and modern industry. The relatively high per capita income hides however a highly unequal distribution of wealth between a small elite and the majority of urban and rural poor, mostly Indians. Many Mexicans try to migrate to the USA. Mexico was Christianized by the Catholic Church from the beginning of colonization. Protestant missions came in the 19th and 20th centuries. The Presbyterian Church is the largest Protestant church, followed by the Seventh-day Adventists, the Union of Evangelical Indigenous Churches, the Assemblies of God (Pentecostal), the Baptists, Methodists, and others. Pentecostals represent about 25 percent of all the non-Catholic Christians. The Evangelical Fellowship of Mexico is affiliated with the WEA.

 

Organizaciones y consejos ecuménicos

    Iglesias miembros del CMI con sede en México

    Iglesias miembros del CMI presente en México

      Nota: La lista de las iglesias presentes en los países todavía no está completa.

      Última actualización: 01/01/06