India

Población

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1096917184
Superficie:3300000 km2
Capital:New Delhi
INB per cápita:540 US$
Clasificación:Economía en desarrollo
Idiomas:

hindi

inglés

and 14 other official languages

Religiones:

Hindú: 75.00%

Musulmana: 12.00%

Cristiana: 3.00%

Sij: 2.00%

Budista: 1.00%

Cristianos:

Católicos: 18250000

Protestantes: 19564440

Ortodoxos: 3333000

Independientes: 15263580

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India's first civilization along the Indus valley goes back to 2500 BC. Aryan tribes invaded the region about 1500 BC and introduced the Vedic religion, which was the foundation of Brahminism and the caste system. Christianity was introduced in 52 AD by the Apostle St Thomas. Muslim influence began in the 10th century. In the 16th century, Muslim invaders from the north established the Moghul empire. European presence in India began with the Portuguese in 1498. In the 19th century Britain assumed political control of India. Nationalism found its expression in Gandhi's movement of non-violent civil disobedience. The independence movement was dominated by the Hindus. A Muslim league demanded a separate Muslim state. At independence in 1947, the sub-continent was partitioned between a Hindu majority India and a Muslim majority Pakistan. India's economy ranges from traditional farming to modern industries and high technology. The country is rapidly becoming a regional and global power, but is still facing dire poverty of over one third of its population. The caste system still exists and discriminates millions of Dalits. Christians are a minority. Estimates vary from 3to 6 percent. The three major groups of churches are those belonging to the National Council of Churches, the Catholic Church, and the churches and groups represented in the Evangelical Fellowship of India (affiliated with WEA). In recent years, these three groups have been working together more closely. Pentecostals, who form about 6 percent of the total number of Christians, are not part of any of these three groups.

Visita de solidaridad ecuménica en India

Un equipo de representantes de iglesias de Europa, América Latina, África y Asia realigó una visita de solidaridad a iglesias, organizaciones ecuménicas y de la sociedad civil de la India, del 21 al 27 de septiembre.Más...

 

Organizaciones y consejos ecuménicos

Última actualización: 01/01/06