Estonia

Población

Acerca de los perfiles de los países

Los perfiles de los países tienen como finalidad proporcionar información básica sobre un determinado país y su contexto con objeto de situar las reseñas de las iglesias. Estos perfiles deben leerse conjuntamente con los correspondientes perfiles de las iglesias en el país de que se trate.

Pulse aquí para saber las fuentes de los datos estadísticos

*:
1294143
Superficie:45230 km2
Capital:Tallinn
INB per cápita:5380 US$
Clasificación:Economía en transición
Idiomas:

estonio

ruso

Religiones:

Cristiana: 63.00%

Otra: 1.00%

Cristianos:

Protestantes: 232240

Ortodoxos: 221500

Católicos: 3500

Independientes: 58600

Google maps

The Estonian people are an ethnic and linguistic group which established itself in the area several thousand years ago. Together with Latvia and Lithuania, Estonia is part of the Baltic region. In modern history, Estonia achieved its indepen- dence for the first time in 1918, after centuries of Danish, Swedish, German and Russian rule. It was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, and occupied by Nazi Germany. Thousands of people fled the country before the arrival of the Soviet army in 1944. In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Estonia became again independent, and since then it has sought to strengthen its integra- tion with Europe. It joined the European Union in 2004. Relations with neighbouring Finland and with Sweden have a special importance for the country, cul- turally and economically. Christianity was first brought to Estonia from Denmark and Germany, in the 13th century. The country adopted the Lutheran Reformation. Orthodoxy came to Estonia from Russia. In the 1990s a conflict emerged in the Orthodox Church, which was eventually settled between the Moscow Patriarchate and the Ecumenical Patriarchate by the creation of two separate jurisdic- tions. Besides the Lutheran Church, the two Orthodox churches and a small Methodist Church are also part of the WCC, through the wider church structures to which they belong. There is a Baptist Union, and several Pentecostal and Evangelical groups are active in Estonia.

 

Organizaciones y consejos ecuménicos

Iglesias miembros del CMI con sede en Estonia

Iglesias miembros del CMI presente en Estonia

Nota: La lista de las iglesias presentes en los países todavía no está completa.

Última actualización: 01/01/06