Afrique du Sud

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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45323008
Superficie:1200000 km2
Capitale:Tshwane (Pretoria)
PIB par habitant:2750 US$
Classification:Economie en développement
Langues:

11 official languages

including Zulu

Xhosa

Anglais

Afrikaans

etc.

Religions:

Chrétien: 82.00%

Hindou: 2.00%

Musulman: 2.00%

Baha'i: 1.00%

Christianisme:

Protestants: 9628440

Catholiques: 3173000

Anglicans: 2750000

Orthodoxes: 105500

Indépendants: 17583080

Google maps

The original inhabitants of South Africa were the Khoikhoi, later joined by Bantu groups migrating from the north. In 1652 the Dutch settled in the Cape, and slowly extended into the interior. The Boers, as they were called, fought the Africans until they were themselves defeated in 1902 by the British, who established the self-governing Union of South Africa. In 1948 the Nationalist Party of the Afrikaners (Boers), came into power and put in place the racist apartheid regime, based on total, legalized separation of the whites, blacks, coloured and the small Indian population. The white Reformed churches provided the theological justification of the system. They withdrew from the WCC in 1961. The African National Congress, formed in 1912, became the opponent of apartheid, later followed by other movements. The struggle against apartheid is marked by the Sharpeville shooting (1960), the Rivonia trial of Nelson Mandela (1964), the Soweto uprising (1976), the assassination of Steve Biko, countless other tragedies, and the unflinching determination of a people to free itself from an evil yoke. Several churches in South Africa denounced apartheid more and more openly, led by Archbishop Tutu, Rev. Boesak, and many others. Key documents were the Belhar Confession, the Kairos document and Evangelical Witness in South Africa. The South African Council of Churches played a major role. In 1991 Mandela was released from prison; on 27 April 1994 in the first free and democratic elections of South Africa he was elected president. The current membership of the Council of Churches includes the Catholic Church, the Apostolic Faith Mission (Pentecostal), and the Dutch Reformed Church. There are many indigenous churches, the largest being the Zion Christian Church, with eight million members. Evangelical and Pentecostal churches are also active. The Evangelical Alliance of SA is affiliated with the WEA.

Plus d'informations sur l'Afrique du Sud:

Visite de "lettres vivantes" en Afrique du Sud

Les Eglises en Afrique du Sud ont accueilli, du 5 au 12 novembre 2008, la visite de solidarité d'une délégation oecuménique internationale envoyée par le Conseil oecuménique des Eglises (COE). La visite des "lettres vivantes" en Afrique du Sud était importante en raison du rôle joué par les Eglises du pays et leur conseil national pour vaincre la violence de l'idéologie et du système d'apartheid. Plus...

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006