Algérie

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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32877042
Superficie:2400000 km2
Capitale:Algiers
PIB par habitant:1930 US$
Classification:Economie en développement
Langues:

Arabe

Berber

Français

Religions:

Musulman: 97.00%

Autre: 3.00%

Chrétien: 1.00%

Christianisme:

Catholiques: 4203

Protestants: 3657

Indépendants: 27200

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Algeria is the second largest country in Africa after Sudan. It became indepen­dent in 1962 after more than 130 years of French colonial rule and a bitter liber­ation struggle. In cooperation with the small churches in the country and the Algerian government, the WCC, CIMADE and other ecumenical agencies founded in 1962 the Christian Committee for Service in Algeria. After a period of emergency relief, the CCSA developed a vast reafforestation programme. By 1965, more than 22 million fruit and timber trees had been planted and another 50 million seedlings were handed over to the government. Ever since indepen­dence, the National Liberation Front (FLN) has dominated politics in Algeria, although a surprising first round electoral success of the fundamentalist Islamic National Front (FIS) in 1991 spurred the army to intervene, to prevent the Islamists from forming a government. Since then Algeria has struggled through a continuous low level civil conflict between Islamic activists and the secular state apparatus. This terrorism has had a profound impact among the Algerian popu­lation, of whom nearly 100,000 were killed before the FIS's armed wing was dis­banded in January 2000. In 2005 the population voted in favour of a referendum on national reconciliation. While progress towards peace is slowly being made, better living conditions for the people and democratization continue to be Alge-ria's greatest challenge.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

    Membres du COE basés en Algérie

    Membres du COE présents en Algérie

      Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

      Mise a jour: 01/01/2006