Éthiopie

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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74188932
Superficie:1100000 km2
Capitale:Addis Ababa
PIB par habitant:90 US$
Classification:Pays les moins avancés
Langues:

Amharique

Oromo

Tigregna

other

Religions:

Chrétien: 62.00%

Musulman: 33.00%

Traditionnelle africaine: 5.00%

Christianisme:

Orthodoxes: 38956642

Protestants: 10446017

Catholiques: 550000

Indépendants: 1418900

(double affiliation)
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Ethiopia has a record of resistance against foreign attempts to colonize it, except for the Italian occupation of 1936-1941. The monarchy embraced Christianity at its very early stages, and it became the state religion in the 4th century. Already in the 7th century there was Muslim influence. Tensions and conflict have been recurrent between the Christian and Muslim communities. In the 19th century the monarchy extended its reign to the south of present-day Ethiopia. In 1974 the emperor was deposed and assassinated by a military junta. The coercive regime was overthrown in 1991 by the Ethiopian People's Liberation Front. Democratic elections were held for the first time in 1994. Ethiopia faces a difficult economic situation with cyclical droughts, and poor agriculture. Coffee is the main export product. As one of the most ancient nations of Africa, Ethiopia has a prominent place in the continent. It hosts the headquarters of the African Union. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church is one of the churches that does not accept the decisions of the Council of Chalcedon on the nature of Christ. It was the state church under the monarchy but has lost this position. Catholic presence goes back to the 16th century, and Protestant missions arrived in the 20th century. The largest non-Orthodox church is the World of Life Church (Evangelical), followed by the Mekane Yesus Church (Lutheran and Presbyterian). There are also two large Pentecostal churches. Most of these churches belong to the Ethiopian Evangelical Churches Fellowship, which is affiliated with the WEA.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

    Membres du COE basés en Éthiopie

    Membres du COE présents en Éthiopie

    Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

    Mise a jour: 01/01/2006