Canada

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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31972474
Superficie:10000000 km2
Capitale:Ottawa
PIB par habitant:24470 US$
Classification:Principal pays industrialisé
Langues:

Anglais

Français

Religions:

Chrétien: 80.00%

Juif: 1.30%

Musulman: 1.70%

Bouddhiste: 1.30%

Hindou: 1.00%

Christianisme:

Catholiques: 14000000

Protestants: 4636290

Anglicans: 718000

Orthodoxes: 691610

Indépendants: 1689130

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Canada, which was colonized first by the French and later by the British, became a confederation in 1867, and adopted its own constitution in 1981. Tensions between French- and English-speaking Canadians continue over language and culture to the present day. Immigration has brought people from many parts of the world to Canada, and multiculturalism is a defining characteristic of Canadian society. The indigenous people of Canada, called the "First Nations", have successfully lobbied for increased autonomy and the settlement of their claim to their traditional lands. They have also obtained reparation for abuses suffered in the "Native Residential Schools", which were operated by the Anglican, Catholic, Presbyterian and United churches as official agents of the government's policy of assimilation. This has been a test, also financially, for the churches, which have acknowledged and lamented their past with a remarkable sense of responsibility. Ecumenism has been a strong dimension of the Canadian churches. The United Church of Canada is one of the oldest organic unions in the ecumenical movement. In the 1980s the so-called "coalition model" marked the cooperation between the Canadian churches and ecumenical groups dealing with issues such as social justice, peace, etc. The Canadian Council of Churches, which includes the Catholic and Orthodox churches, has evolved into a "forum". Working relationships with the Evangelical Fellowship of Canada, an affiliated body of the WEA, are good. Evangelicals and Pentecostals represent about 29 percent of the Protestants, and seven percent of the total number of Christians.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006