Nicaragua

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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5727367
Superficie:130000 km2
Capitale:Managua
PIB par habitant:790 US$
Classification:Economie en développement
Langues:

Espagnol

Miskito

Religions:

Chrétien: 97.00%

Christianisme:

Catholiques: 4860000

Protestants: 739060

Anglicans: 9500

Indépendants: 434520

(double affiliation)
Google maps

Indigenous people were living in the region when it was colonized by Spain in the 16th century. Britain established its influence on the Caribbean coast in the 17th century. Nicaragua became sovereign in 1854 and added the east coast, where the Miskitos live, to its territory in 1894. Dictatorships succeeded each other during the first half of the 20th century, with frequent US intervention, and armed resistance under the guerilla leader Sandino. From 1936 to 1979 the Somoza dictatorship held the country in its grip. In 1972, Managua was totally destroyed by an earthquake that took 50,000 lives. The mismanagement of international relief funds accelerated the armed opposition, resulting in the Sandinista revolution of 1979. The new regime introduced widespread social and economic reform, aiming at justice and popular participation, and had the support of the poor. As of 1981, however, the USA armed a counter-revolution and strangled Nicaragua economically, which brought the Sandinistas down in 1990. Nicaragua's economy, based on subsistence farming and the export of bananas, coffee and other cash crops, virtually collapsed during the war. The Catholic Church is the majority church. The largest non-Catholic church is the Assemblies of God (Pentecostal). Pentecostals churches represent close to 10 percent of all Christians. The National Evangelical Council of Nicaragua is affiliated with the WEA. Sectors of the Christian churches and Christian groups have been supportive of the struggle for social justice, in cooperation with the ecumenical movement and the WCC.

Plus d'informations sur le Nicaragua:

Visite de "lettres vivantes" au Nicaragua

Les Eglises au Nicaragua ont accueilli, du 2 au 5 novembre 2008, la visite de solidarité d'une délégation oecuménique internationale envoyée par le Conseil oecuménique des Eglises (COE). Lire plus...

 

Portraits of spiritual life in Nicaragua

Multimedia portraits of spiritual life in charismatic churches as well as on All Saints Day in Nicaragua can be viewed on the 'Keeping the Faith' website.

 

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

    Membres du COE basés en Nicaragua

    Membres du COE présents en Nicaragua

      Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

      Mise a jour: 01/01/2006