Uruguay

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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3463202
Superficie:176200 km2
Capitale:Montevideo
PIB par habitant:3950 US$
Classification:Economie en développement
Langues:

Espagnol

Religions:

Chrétien: 50.00%

Musulman: 1.20%

Christianisme:

Catholiques: 1212121

Protestants: 173160

Orthodoxes: 28930

Anglicans: 1400

Protestants and Evangelicals counted together
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The indigenous people who lived in the plains of Uruguay were decimated in the three hundred years following the colonization in the 16th century. The last mass killing took place in 1831, after the country's independence in 1825. In the 19th century many Europeans migrated to Uruguay. It was a politically stable and prosperous country with an advanced welfare system. In the 1960s an economic crisis occurred and a left-wing guerilla emerged, the Tupamaros. The movement was repressed by the army, which seized power in 1973. Under the military dictatorship, which lasted until 1984, huge human rights violations took place. Since then, Uruguay is again a functioning democracy. The economy is essentially agricultural, with some manufacturing industry. Export consists of meat, dairy and leather products, wool, etc. Uruguay is the smallest country in Latin America, and also the most secularized. The Catholic Church, which dates back to the beginning of colonization, is the largest church. The Methodists are the oldest Protestant church. There is a large Waldensian community, which is part of the Waldensian Church in Italy, and therefore also of the WCC. Pentecostals represent about 30 percent of the Protestant and Independent churches. The Federation of Evangelical Churches is the oldest ecumenical body. In 1998, a Council of Christian Churches was set up, with the participation of the Catholic and Anglican churches. There is also a Christian Association of Evangelical Churches, affiliated with the WEA. The Orthodox churches are the Ecumenical Patriarchate, Moscow Patriarchate, and Armenian Apostolic Church.

Plus d'informations sur Uruguay:

Visite de "lettres vivantes" en Uruguay

Les Eglises en Uruguay ont accueilli, en juillet 2009, la visite de solidarité d'une délégation oecuménique internationale envoyée par le Conseil oecuménique des Eglises (COE). La délégation s'est intéressée aux blessures laissées par la dictature militaire, aux initiatives contre la violence domestique et la violence à l'encontre des femmes, ainsi qu'à la violence, l'exclusion et l'abus de drogue chez les jeunes. En savoir plus...

 

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006