À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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Superficie:3300000 km2
Capitale:New Delhi
PIB par habitant:540 US$
Classification:Economie en développement



and 14 other official languages


Hindou: 75.00%

Musulman: 12.00%

Chrétien: 3.00%

Sikh: 2.00%

Bouddhiste: 1.00%


Catholiques: 18250000

Protestants: 19564440

Orthodoxes: 3333000

Indépendants: 15263580

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India's first civilization along the Indus valley goes back to 2500 BC. Aryan tribes invaded the region about 1500 BC and introduced the Vedic religion, which was the foundation of Brahminism and the caste system. Christianity was introduced in 52 AD by the Apostle St Thomas. Muslim influence began in the 10th century. In the 16th century, Muslim invaders from the north established the Moghul empire. European presence in India began with the Portuguese in 1498. In the 19th century Britain assumed political control of India. Nationalism found its expression in Gandhi's movement of non-violent civil disobedience. The independence movement was dominated by the Hindus. A Muslim league demanded a separate Muslim state. At independence in 1947, the sub-continent was partitioned between a Hindu majority India and a Muslim majority Pakistan. India's economy ranges from traditional farming to modern industries and high technology. The country is rapidly becoming a regional and global power, but is still facing dire poverty of over one third of its population. The caste system still exists and discriminates millions of Dalits. Christians are a minority. Estimates vary from 3to 6 percent. The three major groups of churches are those belonging to the National Council of Churches, the Catholic Church, and the churches and groups represented in the Evangelical Fellowship of India (affiliated with WEA). In recent years, these three groups have been working together more closely. Pentecostals, who form about 6 percent of the total number of Christians, are not part of any of these three groups.

Visite de "lettres vivantes" en Inde

Une équipe de représentants d'Eglise d'Europe, d'Amérique latine, d'Afrique et d'Asie a effectué une visite de solidarité auprès d'Eglises, d'organisations oecuméniques et de mouvements de la société civile de l'Inde du 21 au 27 septembre 2009. Lire plus...


Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006