Japon

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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127914376
Superficie:377900 km2
Capitale:Tokyo
PIB par habitant:40062 US$
Classification:Principal pays industrialisé
Langues:

Japonais

Religions:

Bouddhiste: 70.00%

Nouveaux mouvements religieux: 24.00%

Chrétien: 1.00%

Christianisme:

Protestants: 541590

Catholiques: 528000

Anglicans: 64500

Orthodoxes: 25200

Indépendants: 493240

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Japan was settled thousands of years ago by people who migrated from China and Korea. For much of its history, it has been an empire with a centralized government. Japan closed itself to the West from the 16th until the middle of the 19th century. It became an imperialistic power with a form of emperor worship in the first half of the 20th century, colonizing Korea, invading China, and eventually occupying most of South East Asia during World War II. It was the first country to suffer a nuclear attack, in 1945 (Hiroshima and Nagasaki). In 1947, a peace constitution based on democratic principles was established under the influence of the US, and Japan renounced the use of military force. The emperor remained the head of state, but with a mostly ceremonial role. Japan's economy developed rapidly and the country has become a major economic power in the world. Tensions with other countries in Asia remain, especially with China and Korea, because of the recent history and the way it is reflected in Japanese textbooks and official commemorations. The original religion of Japan is Shinto, which has intermingled with Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism. The Christian churches form a small minority. The Protestant churches, through the national Christian council, have been active in promoting reconciliation between Japan and the Asian countries it had occupied, opposing the re-emergence of nationalism, re-militarization, and nuclear armament. There are a number of small but active Evangelical, Pentecostal and Holiness groups. The Japan Evangelical Association is affiliated with the WEA.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Membres du COE basés en Japon

Membres du COE présents en Japon

    Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

    Mise a jour: 01/01/2006