Sri Lanka

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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19366334
Superficie:65610 km2
Capitale:Colombo
PIB par habitant:1010 US$
Classification:Economie en développement
Langues:

Sinhalese

Tamoul

Anglais

other

Religions:

Bouddhiste: 68.00%

Hindou: 11.00%

Chrétien: 9.00%

Musulman: 9.00%

Christianisme:

Catholiques: 1361680

Protestants: 182250

Anglicans: 54000

Indépendants: 146340

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The Sinhalese arrived in the island in the 6th century BC, probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced a few centuries later, and became the main religion. Tamils, also from India, established themselves on the northern and eastern parts of the island. Some were brought by the British, as indentured labour. Ceylon became part of the British empire in 1815. It gained independence in 1948, and changed its name to Sri Lanka in 1972. The Sinhalese constitute 74 percent of the population, the Tamils 10 percent. Since 1983, the country has suffered a violent civil war between the Tamil Liberation movement and the government. A cease-fire was signed in 2001, with the help of Norway. In 2005, negotiations for a political solution were still going on. Sri Lanka's economy is based on agriculture, processing and manufacturing industries, and tourism, which has been affected by the on-going conflict. The majority of the population is poor and depends on subsistence farming. The island was hit hard by the tsunami of December 2004. The Catholic Church is the oldest and largest church. Methodism and Anglicanism came in the 19th century. There is a large Assemblies of God church (Pentecostal). The National Christian Council is the ecumenical body, and the Evangelical Alliance of Sri Lanka is affiliated with the WEA. Christians are a minority in Sri Lanka. Some groups have created tensions because of their aggressive methods of evangelism. The Catholic Church, the National Christian Council, and the Evangelical Alliance have cooperated in trying to maintain peaceful relations with the Buddhists and others.

Plus d'informations sur le Sri Lanka:

Visite de "lettres vivantes" au Sri Lanka

Pays déchiré par la guerre, Sri Lanka a accueilli la première équipe de "lettres vivantes" oecuméniques, dans le cadre d'une série de visites à des communautés chrétiennes de différentes parties du monde qui affrontent des situations de conflit. Il s'agit d'un processus de préparation au Rassemblement oecuménique international pour la paix, qui sera organisé en 2011 par le Conseil oecuménique des Eglises.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Membres du COE basés en Sri Lanka

Membres du COE présents en Sri Lanka

Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006