Haïti

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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8549254
Superficie:27750 km2
Capitale:Port-au-Prince
PIB par habitant:400 US$
Classification:Pays les moins avancés
Langues:

Français

Creole

Religions:

Chrétien: 96.00%

Spiritiste: 3.00%

Autre: 1.00%

Christianisme:

Catholiques: 6628000

Protestants: 1607500

Anglicans: 115000

Indépendants: 479900

(double affiliation)
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Haiti is situated on the western part of the island of Hispaniola, discovered by Columbus in 1492. The indigenous people were exterminated by the Spanish, who ceded the territory to the French in 1697. A century later, the slaves imported from Africa to work on sugar plantations rebelled and finally defeated the French army. In 1804 Haiti became the first nation of the world which liberated itself from slavery and colonial power. But the independence resulted in depletion of the economy and natural resources, political instability and social violence. The hopes for change and development raised by the election of Jean Bertrand Aristide in 1990 were crushed after a few years. Lack of political and economic governance, generalized violence, and a devastated environment contribute to make Haiti one of the poorest countries in the world. Civil society groups, churches and political parties are trying to break the spiral of violence and impoverishment. Traditionally Haiti has been Catholic. Voodoo, the Afro-Haitian cult, has a strong hold on the people. Protestant missions started working in the 19th century. In the 20th century Pentecostal and charismatic groups developed very rapidly. The Protestant Federation of Haiti cooperates with other groups for the renewal of society and a new "social contract". The Council of Evangelical Churches of Haiti, which is an observer member of the Federation, is affiliated with the WEA. The Anglicans are part of the Episcopal Church in the USA, and the Methodists of the Methodist Church in the Caribbean and the Americas, both WCC member churches.

Plus d'informations sur Haïti:
Visite de "lettres vivantes" en Haïti

Les Eglises en Haïti ont accueilli, du 24 au 28 novembre 2008, la visite de solidarité d'une délégation oecuménique internationale envoyée par le Conseil oecuménique des Eglises (COE). Lire plus...

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Membres du COE basés en Haïti

Membres du COE présents en Haïti

Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006