Estonie

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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1294143
Superficie:45230 km2
Capitale:Tallinn
PIB par habitant:5380 US$
Classification:Economie en transition
Langues:

Estonien

Russe

Religions:

Chrétien: 63.00%

Autre: 1.00%

Christianisme:

Protestants: 232240

Orthodoxes: 221500

Catholiques: 3500

Indépendants: 58600

Google maps

The Estonian people are an ethnic and linguistic group which established itself in the area several thousand years ago. Together with Latvia and Lithuania, Estonia is part of the Baltic region. In modern history, Estonia achieved its indepen- dence for the first time in 1918, after centuries of Danish, Swedish, German and Russian rule. It was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, and occupied by Nazi Germany. Thousands of people fled the country before the arrival of the Soviet army in 1944. In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Estonia became again independent, and since then it has sought to strengthen its integra- tion with Europe. It joined the European Union in 2004. Relations with neighbouring Finland and with Sweden have a special importance for the country, cul- turally and economically. Christianity was first brought to Estonia from Denmark and Germany, in the 13th century. The country adopted the Lutheran Reformation. Orthodoxy came to Estonia from Russia. In the 1990s a conflict emerged in the Orthodox Church, which was eventually settled between the Moscow Patriarchate and the Ecumenical Patriarchate by the creation of two separate jurisdic- tions. Besides the Lutheran Church, the two Orthodox churches and a small Methodist Church are also part of the WCC, through the wider church structures to which they belong. There is a Baptist Union, and several Pentecostal and Evangelical groups are active in Estonia.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Membres du COE basés en Estonie

Membres du COE présents en Estonie

Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006