À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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Superficie:64600 km2
PIB par habitant:5460 US$
Classification:Economie en transition




Chrétien: 67.00%

Juif: 1.00%


Orthodoxes: 720340

Catholiques: 434421

Protestants: 280200

Indépendants: 124350

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Latvians are an Indo-European people who settled the area several thousand years ago. Together with Estonia and Lithuania, Latvia is part of the Baltic region. From the 13th century onwards, the country was under German, Polish and Swedish rule, until it became part of the Russian empire in 1710. In 1921, Latvia became for the first time independent. It was annexed by the Soviet Union in 1940, occupied by Nazi Germany, and again incorporated into the communist blocin 1945. During this period, 35 percent of the population perished. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the country regained its independence in 1991. One of the major issues it had to face is the question of citizenship for the Russians living in Latvia, about 30 percent of the population, and the use of the Latvian language. Economically, the country is orientating its industry and trade towards the West. It joined the European Union in 2004. Latvia was Christianized in the 12th and 13th century, from the East (Orthodox) and the West (Catholic). Part of the Catholic Church adopted the Lutheran Reformation of the early 16th century. During the communist era, atheism was actively promoted. Since then, there has been a revival in the churches, and several new groups have entered the country. The Evangelical Lutheran Church is the largest Protestant church. Baptists and Pentecostals are also well represented. The Russian Orthodox Church in Latvia comes under the Moscow Patriarchate, and is therefore indirectly member of the WCC. There is an independent Old Believers church.


Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

    Membres du COE basés en Lettonie

    Membres du COE présents en Lettonie

    Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

    Mise a jour: 01/01/2006