Pologne

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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38515955
Superficie:312700 km2
Capitale:Warsaw
PIB par habitant:6090 US$
Classification:Economie en transition
Langues:

Polonais

Russe

Religions:

Chrétien: 92.00%

Christianisme:

Catholiques: 34700000

Orthodoxes: 600600

Protestants: 149300

Vieux-catholiques: 20000

Indépendants: 168700

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The Polish are a Slavonic people. Poland as a nation emerged in the 10th century and reached its golden age in the 16th century when it formed a union with neighbouring Lithuania which extended into Ukraine. At the end of the 18th century Poland was partitioned between Russia, Prussia, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It regained part of its territory as a republic after World War I, but was invaded by Nazi Germany in 1939 and divided between Germany and the Soviet Union. Poland lost six million people in World War II, half of them Jews, and the country was completely destroyed. It became part of the Soviet bloc after the war. Poland was a stronghold of anti-Communist resistance. From 1980 onwards, the independent trade union Solidarnosc spear-headed reform and its leader, Lech Walesa, became the first president of democratic Poland in 1990. The country has undertaken to restructure its economy, based on agriculture and industry, and joined the European Union in 2004. One of its major problems through 2005 remains high unemployment. Poland is a Catholic country. Its society, culture, and public life are deeply marked by the influence of the majority Catholic Church. But the minority Orthodox and Lutheran churches are also part of Poland's history, as are the Old-Catholic churches. Together with the smaller Methodist, Reformed and Baptist churches they form the Ecumenical Council of Poland. The Assemblies of God (Pentecostal) are present, as well as some Evangelical churches. The Polish Evangelical Alliance is affiliated with the WEA.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Membres du COE basés en Pologne

Membres du COE présents en Pologne

Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006