Russie

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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141552786
Superficie:17100000 km2
Capitale:Moscow
PIB par habitant:3410 US$
Classification:Economie en transition
Langues:

Russe

other

Religions:

Chrétien: 57.00%

Musulman: 8.00%

Juif: 1.00%

Autre: 1.00%

Hindu/Buddhist 1%
Christianisme:

Orthodoxes: 113500000

Catholiques: 1400000

Protestants: 1344000

Indépendants: 4933980

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The first state of Rus was established in the 10th century. The Russian Empire came into being in the 16th century. It played a major role in European history, until the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Communist Party under Lenin seized power and founded the Soviet Union, which rapidly developed a powerful socialist economy. Collectivization of the agriculture and repression under Stalin's dictatorship (1922-53) took millions of lives. The Soviet Union was invaded by Nazi Germany in World War II, in which it lost 20 million people. As one of the victorious nations it imposed communist rule in the countries it had liberated, forming the Soviet bloc. The division of Europe resulted in the cold war between the two super-powers, the USSR and the USA. The Soviet Union disintegrated in 1991, after a period of internal reforms. In its place, the Russian Federation was established, along with 14 other independent republics. Since then, Russia has been building a democratic political system and a market economy. All the Christian churches and other religious groups suffered severe persecution under the atheist communist regime, but in particular the Russian Orthodox Church, as the majority church and the locus of Russian religiosity. Among the Protestant and other churches are Baptists, Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, Lutherans (mostly ethnic Germans and Finns), Methodists (which are part of the United Methodist Church), and several separatist Orthodox churches. An Interconfessional Committee was formed for dialogue between Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants but was not operational through 2005.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

    Membres du COE basés en Russie

    Membres du COE présents en Russie

    Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

    Mise a jour: 01/01/2006