Syrie

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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18650334
Superficie:185200 km2
Capitale:Damascus
PIB par habitant:1190 US$
Classification:Economie en développement
Langues:

Arabe

Religions:

Musulman: 92.00%

Chrétien: 5.00%

Juif: 1.00%

Christianisme:

Orthodoxes: 1490000

Catholiques: 615000

Protestants: 80000

Assyriens / Chaldéens: 40000

Google maps

Ancient Syria was home to the Canaanites, Assyrians, Persians and Babylonians. Antioch (now in Turkey) was the Christian centre of the eastern part of the Roman empire. With the Arab conquest and Islamization in the 7th century, Christians became a minority. Syria was part of the Ottoman empire until 1918, and under French rule until it achieved independence in 1946. After a brief union with Egypt (1958-61), the socialist Ba-ath party seized power and established a radical regime. A military coup in 1970 brought president Hafiz al-Asad into power, until his death in 2000. He was succeeded by his son. Syria is the only secular country in the Arab world. It does not tolerate opposition, neither Islamic nor political. The country has been in the forefront of support for the Palestinian cause, and the struggle against Israel. Syria's economy is based on agriculture, some manufacturing industry, and oil production and export. All major enterprises have been nationalized since the 1960s and the economy is under government control. The main Orthodox churches in Syria are the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate, which is Arab and uses the Arab liturgy, the Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate (Oriental), and the Armenian Apostolic Church, also Oriental. There are six Catholic rites: Melkite, Armenian, Syrian, Maronite, Latin and Chaldean. The Ancient Church of the East (Assyrian) is also present, and is part of the WCC through its patriarchate in the USA. The main Protestant churches are the National Evangelical Synod of Syria and Lebanon, and the Union of Evangelical Armenian Churches.

The churches in Syria are also portrayed on the 'Keeping the Faith' website.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

    Mise a jour: 01/01/2006