Tonga

Population

À propos des profils de pays

Les profils de pays ont pour objet de compléter la présentation des Églises avec quelques informations générales et d’esquisser le contexte dans lequel elles vivent. Il convient de les lire en conjonction avec les profils des Églises du pays correspondant.

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105797
Superficie:750 km2
Capitale:Nuku'Alofa
PIB par habitant:1830 US$
Classification:Economie en développement
Langues:

Tongien

Anglais

Religions:

Chrétien: 92.00%

Baha'i: 7.00%

Christianisme:

Protestants: 39760

Catholiques: 16200

Anglicans: 550

Indépendants: 20950

Google maps

Tonga is part of Polynesia and consists of about 150 islands, divided into three main groups. It was settled by people who migrated from South-East Asia some 6000 years ago, and is probably the oldest inhabited archipelago in the region. In the 12th century, Tongans were known across the Pacific as navigators and adventurers. In the 19th century, Tonga was united into a kingdom. It came under British protection in 1900, and joined the British Commonwealth as an independent monarchy, which had never lost its internal governance. Tonga's population is ethnically very homogenous. The society is made up of nobles, a caste of elite, and the common people, who are mostly poor. The king (or queen) is revered by all. The land is the property of the crown, and is distributed according to a system that guarantees some equal treatment for the commoners. The economy is based on farming and the export of cash crops, and on tourism. Many Tongans live in New Zealand, Australia and the USA. Migration is to some extent a safety valve to avoid over-population of the limited land area. The Free Wesleyan Church (Methodist) is the largest church. Together with the Catholic Church and the small Anglican community it has formed the national council of churches. Other churches are the Constitutional Church and the Anglican Church, which is part of the diocese of Polynesia. The Assemblies of God (Pentecostal) and other charismatic groups have grown much faster than the larger churches, but remain relatively small. The Tonga Evangelical Union is affiliated with the WEA.

 

Organisations et Conseils oecuméniques

Membres du COE basés en Tonga

Membres du COE présents en Tonga

Note: La liste des Eglises présentes dans chaque pays est encore en développement.

Mise a jour: 01/01/2006